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|Title||1955-1964: Records of the New York Headquarters of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee|
|Reference Code||NY AR195564|
|Full Reference||Collection: 1955-1964: Records of the New York Headquarters of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee - NY AR195564|
|Dates||1955 - 1964|
|Creator||American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee||similar items|
|Scope and Content||This collection, which comprises over 120,000 pages, documents JDC's global relief work in this period in Israel, North Africa, Latin America, and across Europe during the years 1955-1964. The records describe, among other relief, renewal, and reconstruction initiatives: the far-reaching assistance JDC provided to Jewish communities in Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, including educational and medical support for over 90,000 children through its partnerships with OSE, a French Jewish humanitarian organization, and international Jewish educational organizations, such as Alliance Israélite Universelle, Lubavitch, Ozar HaTorah, and ORT World Union; its efforts to maintain a presence in the Eastern bloc, with its officially-sanctioned welfare activities limited in the cold-war period to Poland, from 1957, and Yugoslavia; its extensive cultural and religious initiative in Israel, including considerable support for yeshivot (educational seminaries) all over Israel; and outreach to Latin American Jewish communities.|
|Scope and Content||These files detail JDC assistance to Jewish communities in North Africa, where the large-scale emigration of the professional classes in response to unrest triggered by Arab nationalism and political developments left behind a preponderance of the elderly, the young, and the needy; its support for community development in Iran, especially the extraordinary strides made in setting up programs for daycare and education and providing social welfare and medical services; and its extensive guidance to the Israeli government in the development of strategic social service programs to enable the absorption and integration of immigrant populations from all over the world into Israeli society, enabling Israel to meet the needs of its diverse communities. A notable development in this realm is the establishment of MALBEN (a Hebrew acronym for "Organizations for the Care of Handicapped Immigrants," a vast network of medical facilities and social welfare programs and resources to enable vulnerable populations such as the elderly, Holocaust survivors, the handicapped, and the unprecedented waves of new immigrants to lead productive and fulfilling lives.|
|Scope and Content||These materials also testify to JDC's ongoing support to rebuild Jewish communities in Europe and assistance to survivors and refugees still residing in displaced persons camps in Europe, as well as JDC's significant involvement in receiving and dispensing Holocaust restitution funds to Nazi victims and to support the reconstruction and renovation of Jewish communal institutions and facilities across Europe through its partnership with the Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany (Claims Conference), the agency that negotiated with the West German Government for compensation for individual victims of Nazi persecution and for funds to finance relief and education projects.|
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