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|Title||The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Cyprus Operation, 1945-1949|
|Reference Code||CYP 45-49|
|Full Reference||Collection: The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Cyprus Operation, 1945-1949 - CYP 45-49|
|Dates||1945 - 1949|
|Extent||5 linear feet|
|Creator||American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Cyprus Operation||similar items|
|Scope and Content||The Cyprus Collection of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJJDC) offers a unique window into a pivotal period of 20th-century history by documenting the dramatic events in Cyprus against the backdrop of the birth of the State of Israel. Beginning in August 1946, the British government began deporting Jews who came to Palestine in violation of the White Paper of 1939 to the island of Cyprus. From August 1946 to February 1949, the deportees--primarily Holocaust survivors--lived behind barbed wire in 12 detention camps. During this period, 53,000 Jews passed through the camps, 2,200 children were born in the camps, and 150 Jews died there. These Jewish refugees benefited from JDC’s extensive relief program, which provided supplementary food and clothing, medical care, educational/cultural activities, and vocational training. The Cyprus Collection contains a wide array of materials that shed light on the lives of the deportees, including personal letters, group petitions, and newspapers published by the deportees themselves. It provides a rich account of the aid activities of the AJJDC in the British detainee camps, including correspondence with the British authorities, medical care, educational programs, welfare activity, immigration to Mandatory Palestine and Israel, and eyewitness accounts of conditions in the camps written by the AJJDC administration. It also consists of many documents that portray the activities of the British soldiers.|
|Bibliography||Laub, Morris. Last Barrier to Freedom: Internment of Jewish Holocaust Survivors on Cyprus 1946-1949. Berkeley, Calif: J.L. Magnes Museum, 1985. Morris Laub was the JDC Country Director in Cyprus throughout the period covered by this collection.||similar items|
|System of Arrangement||The Cyprus Collection materials are arranged into ten record groups. Within record groups, files are primarily arranged alphabetically. Material in each file is in chronological order.||similar items|
|Archivist Note||A finding aid to the collection was created by Robin Eaton in the mid-1980s and updated by Sarah Lemann in 2011.||similar items|
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